Timeline: From partition to reunification - partition walls for home

by:EBUNGE     2019-08-19
Timeline: From partition to reunification  -  partition walls for home
-GDR leader Walter ublich signed the order to close the border between East and West Germany.
The Berliners woke up and found out.
Barbed wire and brick walls form a rush-
A barrier was built between the East and the West, separating the family, dividing the streets and cutting off the livelihood of the workers.
In the coming weeks and months, the Wall will be replaced by reinforced concrete and reinforced guardrails.
What the international community says about the East German authorities
The "Fascist Protection Wall" was blocked with little or no direct criticism.
The West Berliners, led by Mayor Willie Brandt, staged a protest against the construction of the wall and opposed the United States's failure to condemn it.
-Conrad Schumann, the East German border guard, became the first high-
Defected to the West.
As he looked at one of the "walls" on the barbed wire, the West Berliners shouted to him, "Komm rueber! -Meet.
That's what Schumann did, jumping off the fence.
His leap was taken by a passing photographer with a camera and became one of the iconic images of this era.
-Ida Siekmann became the first person to die when trying to escape to the West.
The 58-year-old West man's home was leaning against the wall, and she threw a pile of blankets and bedding from the third room.
Floor to ceiling windows before jumping to the ground.
She was seriously injured and died on her way to the hospital.
In the early days of the wall, many East Berlin people jumped out of the house overlooking the wall-the West Berlin fire brigade helped many people to be safe by taking the sheets and letting them jump in.
-Guenter Litfin became the first person to be shot while trying to escape East Berlin.
The 24-year-old litfen, a tailor who plans to move to West Berlin before building the wall, was shot dead when he tried to swim over the River Spree.
-Trainee bricklayer, leaving death under a panoramic view of frightened passers-
On the west side of the wall.
-Expressed solidarity with the people of the city.
His "ich bin Berliner" speech in front of Schoeneberg Town Hall will go down in history as one of the defining moments of the Cold War.
-Commemorating 750 anniversary of the city in West Berlin, one of the key moments of the Cold War. -
His Excellency the German president visited Bonn, the capital of West Germany, to meet with Chancellor Kohl of West Germany. -
Soviet magazine Sputnik was banned in East Germany because the GDR authorities thought it was too picky about Stalinism.
-GDR leader Erich Honecker insisted that "if the reason for not removing the wall is not, it will stand in 50 years or even 100 ".
Chris gaffroy became the last person to be shot while trying to escape the Berlin Wall.
The 20-year-old Gueffroy, a bartender, decided to climb over the wall after hearing rumors that the order to shoot anyone trying to escape from East Berlin had been canceled
When he and one of his friends, Christian gauditan, climbed the wall of the tree hole, they were fired.
Gueffroy was hit 10 times at no-man's-land.
Gaudian was shot but survived.
He was later jailed.
-Winfried froudenberg was the last person to die while trying to escape to West Berlin.
The 32-year-old chemist, flourdenberg, built a home. made gas-
A full balloon flew over the wall.
He came to the West, but was killed when the balloon hit the garden of a house on the outskirts of Zehlendorf.
-When Hungary began to dismantle the border fence with Austria, the first China appeared in the Iron Curtain, allowing hundreds of East Germans who were vacationing in the country to flee to the West. -
Local elections were held in GDR.
As a result, it was broadcast on West German television to show the East German audience that electoral fraud is going on. -
Local election results published in Democratic newspapers.
Opposition activists pointed out that the gap between the "official" results and the real results was as high as ten per cent.
Thousands of East Germans fled the country in their Trabant car to Hungary and the Czech Republic.
The East German leadership is not sure how to deal with their defections.
Erich Honecker, the GDR leader, insisted that "we will not shed any crocodile tears for them ".
Many have taken refuge at the site of the West German embassy in Prague: by September, about 6,000 refugees lived in crowded and unsanitary conditions. – The 'Pan-
The "European picnic" event aims to promote friendship between Hungarian and Austrian People, which is held on the border of the two countries in Sopron.
More than 900 East Germans took advantage of the celebration and rushed into Austria. – .
Protesters rallied in local churches to call for more freedom of movement and the right to vote in free elections.
This group of people, they got it.
It is widely believed that the call "We are the people" helped to accelerate the fall of the Berlin Wall.
-Hungary opens borders for GDR citizens
Within three days of the opening of the Hungarian border, about 15,000 East Germans traveled through Austria to West Germany. -
Leipzig held a second Monday demonstration.
Police arrested 89 protesters, 19 of whom were jailed for their role in the campaign.
-West German foreign minister Hans-
Dietrich Genscher announced that 4,000 East German refugees would be allowed to travel to the embassy of West Germany in Prague --
In a sealed train.
Genscher was warmly welcomed, and before he was overwhelmed by ecstatic cheers, he could only manage to say, "We are here to tell you, your departure today . . . . . . ". – Pro-
Leipzig's Democratic activists were beaten by police during Monday's weekly demonstrations. -
When sealed trains carrying East Germans fleeing from the Prague embassy to the west passed Dresden, violence broke out.
The crowd of 3,000 people gathered at the main station to try to get on the train, prompting police to attack. -
Earlier, 650 GDR citizens who had taken refuge in the West German embassy in Prague finally arrived in West Germany.
-Mikhail Gobachev's visit to East Berlin to talk with Erich hoenick urging the GDR leader to accept the need for reform, which he reportedly told hoenick,
-40 anniversary of the founding of the Democratic Republic of Germany.
The event was characterized by mass parades, military parades, and VIP ceremonies in the East German parliament and the Palace of the Republic.
But there are also demonstrations along with the celebrations: Berlin is gathered with crowds from other eastern cities, but instead of shouting in support of Erich Honecker, they shout "gor"
Protesters at the Leipzig demonstration on Monday made a breakthrough.
Of the 75,000 population, 100,000 to 500,000 people took to the streets.
As they walked through the city, Stasi and riot police went to the side and let them pass.
On West German television, imitation protests were sparked in other East German cities.
-The demonstrations in Leipzig on Monday were attended by 120,000 people, representing almost the population of the city.
-Erich Honecker, leader of GDR, and key members of the Politburo were forced to resign.
Honecker was replaced by his deputy, Egon Krenz.
The wife of Hornek, who has been the Minister of Education for 26 years, Margo is one of the retired people.
Leipzig's demonstrations on Monday were attended by 320,000 people, accounting for more than half of the city's population. -
Egon Klinz was sworn in as the new leader of the GDR.
In his first televised address as party and state leader, Krenz announced a political "miracle" or shift, promising dialogue and reform to prevent East Germans from fleeing to the West.
-More than 500,000 East Germans gathered in Alexandria Square in east Berlin, demanding freedom of movement and free elections.
Thousands of people took to Potsdam, Chemnitz (
Later called Carl. Marx-Stadt)
Dresden and other cities.
GDR Prime Minister Willi Stoph resigned with his cabinet and most of the Politburo members.
Hans modro took over as prime minister.
-A mistake at the press conference.
He announced a series of new travel arrangements under which the East Germans would be allowed to travel to the west and asked when his new rules would take effect.
A confused Schabowski immediately replied, "Well . . . . . .
As soon as the news came, the dongbailin people went to the wall and asked for permission to pass.
At the intersection of Bornholmer Street, hundreds of people gathered in a few minutes.
The crowd swelled and by eleven o'clock P. M. nearly 20,000 people were waiting at the border to allow them to enter West Berlin.
They shouted "open the door and open the door" but the confused border guards refused.
Another cry that "we will come back, we will come back" broke out, eventually, at 11.
At 30 in the evening, the guards relaxed and lifted the barrier to get everyone through.
The dongbailin men drove their broken-
Follow Kurfuerstendamm, the trendy shopping street in West Berlin, along Trabis.
Soon after, at other crossing points, including Invalidenstrasse, the border was broken and West Berliners forced the guards to lift the barrier.
The flood of Aussis with tears poured into West Berlin, where champagne greeted them --
Waving Westerners-
By early morning, with more East Germans heading west, there was a huge queue at all border ports. -
East Berlin and West Berlin are holding hands and dancing and singing on the Berlin Wall at the Brandenburg Gate. -
Erich Mielke, Guangzhou
The pesky Stasi leader spoke last time in the East German parliament.
He seemed confused by what happened and how people reacted to him, insisting, "but I love everyone ".
GDR leader Egon Krenz took the oath of office in the new government. -
East German opposition groups formed a "round table" in East Berlin, bringing together delegates from the country's old and new political powers. -
West German Prime Minister Cole announces 10-
Federal Unified points Program-
The process is expected to take at least five years. -
For our country, the declaration calling on GDR to become a socialist substitute for the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany)
But it failed to capture the imagination of the public.
The pressure of unity has increased,
During the protests, the East Germans shouted, "We are a family!
We are not people, we are people! "-
SED's requirements for leadership were removed from the constitution.
-After the resignation of the entire Politburo and the Central Committee, Egon Krenz resigned as the leader of the GDR.
Prime Minister Hans modro became the de facto leader of GDR. -
It was renamed the Democratic Socialist Party. -
Helmut Kohl visited Dresden with East German foreign minister Hans modro.
Thousands of people gathered outside the church in the city. -
Helmut Kohl and Hans Morro opened the new pedestrian crossing at the Brandenburg Gate. -
More than 15,000 people demonstrated outside the Stasi building in East Berlin and eventually occupied the building. -
8 non
The parliamentary opposition joined the government of Hans modro as minister. -
The government of Modrow has set up an agency to privatize the state of East Germany. owned industry.
Privatization will be completed in December 30, 1994. -
For the first time in decades, East Germany has held free and fair elections.
Alliance of Germany (
(Democratic Awakening and German Social Union)
It rose 48 percentage points in the vote.
Of the voters who supported the civic movement's political parties and alliances, 27 supported the Liberal Party, and 1 in every 6 supported the PDS (SED that has been renamed). -
Under the leadership of the first league Lothar De Maiziere, a major league was formedand only -
The leader of a democratic East Germany
But the election did not solve the problem of the country.
There are still 2,000 East Germans packing up every day and heading west every day (
So far, 550,000 people have left since the summer of 1989). -
Legislation signed to pave the way for monetary, economic and social alliances. -
The control station at Checkpoint Charlie was removed. -
The monetary, economic and social union takes effect-
The German mark was introduced to East Germany. -
The rock opera The Great Wall, directed by Pink Floyd's Roger Waters, was staged in the former death zone near the Brandenburg Gate, where 300,000 people gathered to watch. -
More than 1,000 pages of the Treaty of unity were signed and negotiations took only 56 days. -
Civil rights activists took over the central office of Stasi and asked for the organization's extensive archives and archives to be opened to the public. -
Two treaties signed by Germany and four wartime allies (
The Soviet Union, the United States, Britain and France)
Let Germany regain full sovereignty. -
Bid farewell to the International Sports Arena of the democratic German national football team, with a month-
0 victory over Belgium. -
The unified German flag rises over the parliament building in Berlin.
GDR no longer exists.
Fireworks are set off throughout the city. -The first all-
Parliamentary elections were held in Germany. -
New federal house (parliament)is formed.
Is there. Fireworks are set off throughout the city. Germany held its first parliamentary election. The new federal house (parliament) was established.
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