While many of the provisions of the landmark 1990 US Disabled Persons Act have come into force, how will this legislation work to make cars
Coach travel is more convenient for disabled passengers. (
Disabled Persons Act of the United States (ADA)is a broad-
Civil rights-based measures signed into law in July 1990 prohibit discrimination against persons with disabilities in many areas of society, including public facilities. )
The implementation of the ADA provisions will be carried out in stages according to the staggered schedule.
Therefore, the regulations affecting the motor
The travel plan for the disabled coach was finalized by the Ministry of Transport in May 1994.
But for big cars, the new rules will not take effect.
Coaching operations until July 1996;
This will be July 1997 for small operators. (
DOT will decide which companies can be classified as big or small. )
At the same time, the industry is operating under a set of temporary rules that came into effect on September 1991.
On last May, DOT received 151-
Page report provides analysis and advice from the technical assessment office of the congressional analysis department on this topic.
OTA research defines a barrier-free car, coachas, which allows disabled people to board and stay in wheelchairs or other mobility aids with minimal assistance from bus company personnel.
The car coach must be able to access the elevator or ramp.
A fully accessible coach needs a door wide enough to accommodate people with mobility inconveniences, plus two "ties"
The "drop-off" device protects the wheelchair and its users, as well as movable handrails on some aisle seats.
Unless all handrails are active, the logo must indicate a priority seat for the disabled.
In addition, there needs to be a way to communicate with people with senses (
Such as vision and hearing)and cognitive (i. e.
, Learning disabilities, mental retardation, emotional or mental illness)
Accessible bathroom or amenities--
Such as regular rest--
Use the accessible restroom.
It is worth noting that ADA does not need to transform existing coaches to bring them to new standards.
Since the coach's life span may exceed 20 years, OTA data shows that it may take at least that long for operators to hand over their fleet and complete this phase --
Coach in barrier free.
While some operators may change their vehicles in 10 or 15 years, disabled passengers may also face a lack of fully accessible coaches by the 21st century.
"We will try to convince DOT to take some steps against this loophole," said Yvonne Nau, an agent for the travel network by Carlson, North Ridge, who specializes in traveling for the disabled.
OTA's research shows that the cost of getting a new coach with an elevator ranges from $18,000 to $40,000, but I think the numbers are exaggerated.
The cost is more like an average of $13,000.
"So is Nau.
Tide Publishing House (
Tourism exchanges with persons with disabilities)A family in Los Angeles
Newsletter for disabled travelers.
"Coaches for travel tend to be updated, so they are more likely to arrive faster," said Phil Otterson, product operations director at Westport Tauck tours, Connecticut.
Operate many motors-coach packages.
OTA acknowledges that areas where technology can currently provide minimal assistance are accessibleBoard bathroom"Motor-
Coach company don't want-
Toilet in wheelchair
Because that means fewer seats, "Nau charges.
Ginger Croce, a Washington spokeswoman, said portable walls are one of these in technological development to address barrier-free bathroom issues
American-based bus company(ABA).
With portable walls, the movable partition on the coach separates the restroom from the elevator.
"While it is true that the use of these portable walls can replace seats, they only need to be used in the travel of passengers with disabilities. "Tie-
Croce said the down system, which allows disabled passengers in wheelchairs to be safe on buses without assistance, is also under development.
Croce said that the ABA, which has about 600 members, including operators and tourism organizers, has been holding seminars nationwide to discuss interim rules and compliance with the US Disabled Persons Act.
According to temporary rules, cars
The coach operator must serve the needs of any disabled traveler who notifies him or her of his or her intention to travel at least 48 hours in advance.
"For now, there are very few car coaches in the United States for travelS.
"With elevator equipment, this is the biggest problem for disabled tourists," Nau said . ".
"However, when American tourists in wheelchairs travel to overseas countries such as Australia, New Zealand, Israel and Western European countries, there are car coaches with lifting devices.
These countries are far ahead of the United States. S.
In this aspect of travel.
"At present, most travelers who use wheelchairs must leave the wheelchair and travel to and from their seats.
Some bus companies use a boarding chair, a specially designed wheelchair, narrow enough to be used on long-distance cars.
Disabled passengers were transferred to this chair, up the steps in the chair, pushing the aisle, and again to the bus seat.
However, as with several other methods, this boarding assistance method does not meet ADA's requirements for full accessibility.
In addition, industry leaders say many people using wheeled mobile aids have found these methods frightening and humiliating.
OTA research concluded: "Most people who use wheeled mobile aids have found it objectionable to be promoted and carried on board or seat transfer for security, privacy and dignity reasons.
According to the current rules, even if doing so affects the travel itinerary, operators must accept disabled travelers.
For example, operators need to use facilities in travel--i. e.
Restaurants and sightseeing spots--
Access to persons with disabilities is provided.
In addition, the operator cannot ask the disabled to travel with the attendant or charge any special fee to accommodate the disabled passenger.
"These rules are still new and are being implemented," said Otterson of Tauck Tours . ".
"The best advice for disabled travelers is to call us in advance to determine what we can do for them.
For example, if a hardof-
We will provide a device to hear the passenger's phone.
We are obliged to provide boarding services, which usually include passengers in wheelchairs, but we do not have to help passengers with disabilities walk and dine, such as going to hotels or restaurants, or other personal needs.
Otterson said: "through contractual arrangements with hotels and sightseeing spots used in the project, Tauck guarantees ADA compliance with respect to barrier-free passengers.
"The industry agrees in principle to provide services to disabled travelers, but some interim rules may bring issues that we hope will be addressed by the final regulations," Bernard Polak said . ", Sales manager of Phoenix
A company that provides cars and is headquartered in tourist carriages
Coach packages throughout the United States and Mexico.
"Let's say, for example, that we have to hire someone who knows sign language because we study 48 hours in advance so we can hear --
"The passengers were damaged," Polak said.
"We may not be able to find someone so late and we have to bear the escort cost for this trip.
This means that if the company sees more uncompensated costs, they will increase the overall price of the package for all passengers.