ireland in the 20th century - temporary partition

by:EBUNGE     2019-08-30
ireland in the 20th century  -  temporary partition
The Dublin general election in 1910 won more than 80 seats for Irish nationalists;
73 of the seats were won by members of the new Fen party.
Instead of coming to London, they set up their own parliament in Dublin later in 1919.
However, as the two largest political parties in parliament, the Liberal Party and the Conservative party failed to win the overall majority and needed a vote from the attending party to form a government.
In return for their support, the self-governing party called for autonomy in Ireland.
Under the leadership of Prime Minister Herbert Asquez, the Liberal Party introduced a bill of autonomy to Parliament on 1912.
It will be postponed for two years until the signing of the rules of autonomy in the statute was held in 1914.
By then, it was suspended due to the outbreak of the First World War.
Union members were shocked by this development and began to make their feelings public.
They drafted a petition called the ARST covenant (
Also known as the solemn Alliance and covenant of ARST)
September 1912.
By January 1913, a 100,000-member Ulster Volunteer Force had been set up to defend Ulster.
In April 1914, they brought nearly 25,000 rifles from Germany to Lahn in Belfast.
Union members are now on standby to resist autonomy.
Meanwhile, in southern Ireland, supporters of autonomy observed what happened in inUlster and took steps to defend it.
The Irish Volunteer Force was formed to protect autonomy. By mid-
There are approximately 1914 members of the 180,000 force.
On July 1914, they transported 1,500 rifles through Hoss.
Tensions between nationalists and unionists escalated to the brink of civil war in Ireland.
The House of Lords recommends that the temporary division plan be chosen, and the six counties of Ulster will continue to be governed by Westminster.
The outbreak of the First World War meant that Autonomy was suspended during the conflict, and tensions eased as nationalists and union members picked up arms against the Germans.
Many Ulster Volunteers joined the British Army to fight the Germans.
Similarly, many Irish volunteers agreed to join the British Army, but 11,000 refused.
They stay in Ireland and would rather wait for the "chance of Ireland ".
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