Standing by the anacastia River, in front of the abandoned Pier of the old 11 th Street Bridge, Scott Quez said, he doesn't yet know what the four design teams will suggest for a new city park on the site.
Finalists must submit their drawings before September.
But one thing is certain: the winning team will address the public health issue as one of the core features of the park, which will reuse the old bridge pier, across the river, connect communities with very different economic, demographic and health conditions.
Kratz said the community in Hedong had the highest incidence of obesity and higher rates of type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure, and Kratz led a $35 million private program.
Unlike the largely mild area on the west side of the river, anakastia residents have a hard time reaching out to fresh food, supermarkets and green spaces.
Great Bridge park was inspired by the highly successful High Line Park in New York and the BeltLine Park System in Atlanta, which reused outdated urban infrastructure and created "linear parks" with significant public health benefits"
Health other than health care: a special report, so the park, which is scheduled to open in 2018, will include play areas that attract users of all ages and physical abilities;
Space for yoga, Zumba and dance;
There may be a farmer's market or a city garden.
It will also link the Washington people to the anakastia River and its ecosystem, and some studies have shown that this may have a significant impact on the mental health and health of residentsbeing.
11 Street Bridge Park is part of the country's growing awareness of the health impact of urban design.
The basic connection is not new: in the 19 th century, city designers responded to the terrible mortality rate caused by infectious diseases by creating better sanitary and freshwater systems, and drafted building codes that eased the situation of overcrowding, it also provides natural light and air for apartment residents.
Many of the country's most popular urban parks were also created in the 19 th century with the aim of giving the working class the opportunity to enjoy entertainment, exercise and natural beauty.
"They don't have a scientific basis for what we're doing now," said Nancy Somerville, chief executive of the American Landscape Architects Association, which uses the principles of healthy design as the basis for its mission.
"But the foundation of the whole vision is that there needs to be a clean, healthy, living landscape.
"There are different concerns about health now.
Chronic diseases, such as diabetes and heart disease, and lifestyle problems such as obesity, have replaced infectious diseases and become the main health problems that plague our sedentary society.
The challenges of urban planning have also changed, which is not surprising.
Today, design buzzwords are all about connections, linear parks, and "complete streets "--
Shared space for walking, cycling and convenient transportation.
Urban planners are working hard to make the basic city-
Suburban relationships over the past century have encouraged people to live more intensively, with smaller environmental footprints and more lifestyle engagement with buildings and the natural environment.
"We are looking at an avalanche of chronic diseases," said Richard Jackson . " He is a doctor and many people think he is pioneering in the field of health Design.
Fifteen years ago, Jackson began advocating the link between design and health, when he was in charge of the National Environmental Health Center at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
He believes that although it may make sense to spread our population to the suburbs in the decades after World War II
The impact of living in a world around car design is rapidly accumulating.
"We have designed activities in American life," he said . ".
A generation ago, architects were worried about "sick buildings "--
Poisoning us with toxic substances or poor ventilation.
Today, they are changing our physical contact with the building, pushing us up the stairs, forcing us to go a little further and use the microwave or restroom.
They are looking at how we can relate to the windows, the ambient temperature, and the general noise of the heating and cooling systems, with powerful new tools to quantify and evaluate what used to be just an intuition about what makes architecture fit human beings.
All of this is part of a greater focus on the basic design of the world in which we live, from how we build our businesses, non-profit organizations and daily living habits --
Whether it's our experience at the restaurant, our relationship with the media and entertainment, or how we get food from the farm to the table.
If Jackson is considered to jump
Former mayor of New York, Michael R. Bloomberg (I)
These ideas may eventually be credited outside the ivory tower of think tanks and public health schools.
Although Bloomberg was widely ridiculed in 2013 for trying to limit the size of sugary soft drinks sold in New York, his 12-
Health Design year management has been quiet but common.
In 2010, New York City released a positive design guide that helped develop national standards for rethinking the building environment.
"This is an amazing piece of work by government agencies," said Mary Fitch, head of the American Association of Architects chapter in Washington, D. C. C.
Experts say the strength of the document is that it aligns design concepts with reliable public health data, as well as input from delegates from urban design and construction departments, health, mental health, transportation, planning.
Rick Bell, head of AIA's New York chapter, said the round table approach allows for a combination of seemingly isolated intuitive ideas.
He pointed out the importance of benches for walkers.
"Unless people feel they have a place to rest on the track, they don't walk.
"AIA, in partnership with New York city, sponsored the annual" Fit city "workshop, which helped spread the guide to the national audience.
In many ways, Active Design guidelines are a positive attack on architectural and urban design practices for at least 50 years after World War II.
Century office building-
Drive from far awayflung suburb —
Designed around the core of the elevator, there is a large floor that separates people from the windows.
Windows in place, energy-
The work of climate control is an inefficient system.
"The days from about 1945 to about 1995 are full of fun --
Carl ellevant of Quinn Evans Architects said: "It's full of the worst buildings ever built . " The firm specializes in historical preservation and sustainable design.
Architects of that era, he said, believe that basically unlimited energy can be found to maintain the "grid" of "insertion"in buildings.
"When it comes to their health impact, people just assume that people will adapt to the building, not the other way around.
The recently opened new home at George Washington University's School of Public Health proves how much has changed since then.
Designed by Boston-
Located at Payette, the Milken Institute building is structured around an open atrium, criss-crossed from the charming staircase that rises to the top floor.
The elevator is placed behind the opaque partition wall in the lobby and the door is closed slowly from time to time
A small psychological deterrent to their ability to use oftenbodied.
Architect Peter Vieira says by reducing the standard distance between floors from 14 or 15 feet to 12 feet, designers are able to increase the floor, which gives them greater flexibility in configuring the interior.
The stairs they designed do not have stair platforms and lower lift pedals, which makes them more attractive to users.
They opened the interior space for more light, added an interior garden, and created areas for students to gather, learn and communicate near the windows.
Vending machines in these social venues only sell healthy snacks.
The Dean of the school, Lynn Goldman, works on a standing table, a feature of all the faculty and staff offices.
The school has tried its best to provide as many bike racks as possible, she said.
Although the window is not open-
The environment in Washington is too extreme, there are too many pollen in the air, and the city landscape is too noisy --
The quiet indoor climate system uses filtered outdoor air.
She also pointed out that aesthetics plays an important role in how people use architecture.
She said: "You can try to brainwash people and let them take the stairs, but if the stairs are" dirty and unpleasant, this is the last place you want to spend your time, it is unlikely that you will be bothered by using it.
"Aesthetics is probably the most important factor in reconfiguring the urban environment.
Over the past century, people have fled to the leafy suburbs as it provides a fascinating, compelling vision for a better life.
Many people also find the modern office building, its elevators and simple interior space, intoxicating beauty.
It shapes the future for a society that believes in infinite progress.
This could also be a crisis in contemporary architectural aesthetics, prompting more companies to think about issues related to sustainability and healthy design.
Over the past 20 years, there has been a consensus on what is beautiful architecture, whether it looks modern or post-modern
Or explore new possibilities for sculpture.
Architects are not sure what the new "doctrine" will be, and they are thinking more about the fundamentals of how architecture should serve us.
Aesthetics is subjective, and most of the appeal of projects such as health Design and 11 Street Bridge Park is based on a specific social vision for a better life: The city is beautiful, diversity, connectivity, social engagement and mobility are essential to a complete and rich presence.
But not everyone likes cities, America's individualism is ingrained and resistance to social engineering is everywhere, as evidenced by the widespread ridicule of small drinks in New York last year.
The slogan of the health design movement is "give people a choice ".
But healthy design is more than choice.
Sometimes there will be a slight push, and some people may feel a hint of coercion.
Therefore, an outstanding designer added: "The best design is invisible.
Ble. "Related: After the hurricane, experts in New Orleans said: without doctors or pills, improving our health is no longer just a car.